The U.S. Government’s Role in Safety – Part 4

The U.S. government signed the Occupational Safety and Health Act into law in 1970.  Great strides have been made in workplace safety since then.  Today’s post is the fourth in a four part series on the U.S. government and it’s role in workplace safety.

NACOSH

The National Advisory Committee on Occupational Safety and Health is a 12-person advisory committee established under the OSH Act of 1970.  The members “are chosen on the basis of their knowledge and experience in occupational safety and health.” (National Advisory, n.d.)  The committee has a very specific breakdown for its membership.  This gives the committee cross-functional viewpoints for debate.  The committee is designated to consist of “two members representing management, two members representing labor, two members representing the occupational health professions, two members representing the occupational safety professions, and four members representing the public.” (National Advisory, n.d.)  Appointments to the committee are made by the Secretary of Labor and the terms of appointment are for two years.  The Secretary of Health and Human Services designates the two health representatives and two of the public members for the Secretary of Labor’s approval (National Advisory, n.d.)

committeeCourtesty Bing Images

The purpose of NACOSH is to advise, consult with, and make recommendations to the Secretary of Labor and the Secretary of Health and Human Services.  Their support is on matters relating to the administration of the OSH Act of 1970.  They give advice and recommendations on Agency priorities such as “strong, fair and effective enforcement, regulatory matters, and other activities to help reduce work-related deaths, injuries and illnesses.” (U.S. Department, 2012)  They do not write policies, they only consult and advise.  The members are not compensated for their efforts.

Click this link https://www.osha.gov/dop/nacosh/nacosh.html and scroll to the bottom of the page to see the representative list.

National Advisory Committee on Occupational Safety and Health. (n.d.). Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Retrieved from https://www.osha.gov/dop/nacosh/nacosh.html

U.S. Department of Labor Occupational Safety and Health Administration Advisory Committee Charter National Advisory Committee on Safety and Health. (2012, October 15). Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Retrieved from https://www.osha.gov/dop/nacosh/charter.html

The U.S. Governmnent’s Role in Safety – Part 3

The U.S. government signed the Occupational Safety and Health Act into law in 1970.  Great strides have been made in workplace safety since then.  Today’s post is the third in a four part series on the U.S. government and it’s role in workplace safety.

Bureau of Labor Statistics

bls logoCourtesy Wikipedia

“The Bureau of Labor Statistics of the U.S. Department of Labor is the principal Federal agency responsible for measuring labor market activity, working conditions, and price changes in the economy.” (About BLS, 2013)  The BLS collects, analyzes, and disseminates economic information that supports decision making of both public and private business.  The BLS is an independent statistical agency whose mission is to provide “products and services that are objective, timely, accurate, and relevant.” (About BLS, 2013)

The Bureau of Labor Statistics was established in 1884 (About BLS, 2013).  It became part of the U.S. Department of Labor upon its inception in 1913.  The Secretary of Labor is the Director of the BLS and it is his duty to oversee the statistical reporting of the BLS and to call upon other Departments of the government for their statistical data.  The BLS is required to report, at least, annually.

About BLS. (2013, April 11). BLS Information. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Retrieved from http://http://www.bls.gov/bls/infohome.htm

The U.S. Government’s Role in Safety – Part 2

The U.S. government signed the Occupational Safety and Health Act into law in 1970.  Great strides have been made in workplace safety since then.  Today’s post is the second in a four part series on the U.S. government and it’s role in workplace safety.

Secretary of Labor

600px-US-DeptOfLabor-Seal_svg

Courtesy Wikipedia

The Department of Labor was created on March 4, 1913 when it was signed into law by William Howard Taft.  In that law, the position of Secretary was created.  The Secretary of Labor is the head of that department.  The position is filled by the appointment of the President of the United States with the consent of the Senate.  The Secretary acts as a mediator in labor disputes, gives an annual fiscal update to Congress, and reports an activity plan to Congress.  The Secretary also serves as the Director of the Bureau of Labor Statistics (The Organic Act, 1913).  The BLS serves as the official producer of injury and illness data.

9625404844_fc7f8bcfbc_bPhoto courtesy  http://http://www.dol.gov/_sec/

On July 23, 2013, Thomas E. Perez was sworn into the office of Secretary of Labor.  He was nominated by President Obama and is the nation’s 26th Secretary of Labor.  Mr. Perez came from the Department of Justice where he served as the Assistant Attorney General for Civil Rights.  He had previous experience in Maryland’s Department of Labor where he served as Secretary (Meet the Secretary, n.d.).

Meet the Secretary of Labor. (n.d.). United States Department of Labor. Retrieved from http://http://www.dol.gov/_sec/

The Organic Act of the Department of Labor. (1913, March 4).The United States Department of Labor. Retrieved from http://http://www.dol.gov/oasam/programs/history/organact.htm

The U.S. Government’s Role in Safety – Part 1

The U.S. government signed the Occupational Safety and Health Act into law in 1970.  Great strides have been made in workplace safety since then.  Today’s post is the first in a four part series on the U.S. government and it’s role in workplace safety.

nioshlogo1

“The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health is the U.S. federal agency that conducts research and makes recommendations to prevent worker injury and illness.” (The National Institute, 2013)  NIOSH research helps provide solutions to identified problems.  There are 155 million workers in the United States that benefit from NIOSH’s research.  NIOSH is the only dedicated federal investment for research in the prevention of worker injuries and illnesses.

accidenttreatmentPhoto courtesy EHSToday.com

NIOSH was established as a result of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970.  NIOSH partners with OSHA and is a division of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. NIOSH employs more than 1,200 people and is headquartered in Washington D.C. and Atlanta, Georgia (The National Institute, 2013).

The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. (2013, July 26). Centers
for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved from http://http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/about.html